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Welding trades

£14,560 Average salary at age 20
£32,240 Average Salary
47 Average hours per week


Welding trades workers join metal parts by welding, brazing and soldering, and cut and remove defects from metal using a variety of equipment and techniques.

Main Tasks

  • Selects appropriate welding equipment such as electric arc, gas torch, etc.;
  • Connects wires to power supply, or hoses to oxygen, acetylene, argon, carbon dioxide, electric arc, or other source and adjusts controls to regulate gas pressure and rate of flow;
  • Cuts metal pieces using gas torch or electric arc;
  • Guides electrode or torch along line of weld, burns away damaged areas, and melts brazing alloy or solder into joints;
  • Cleans and smoothes weld;
  • Checks finished workpiece for defects and conformity with specification.


Entrants typically possess GCSEs/S grades or an appropriate GNVQ/GSVQ. Training is typically by apprenticeship incorporating practical experience and technical training. NVQs/SVQs are available at Levels 1, 2 and 3. Welders must normally pass a competency test in the particular type of welding to be carried out.

UK Prospects

56700 Workforce Size
8.55% Predicted decline 2021 - 2027
12289 Predicted Replacement 2021 - 2027

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